First, my heart is with all the lives that have been lost in the tornado that has hit Moore, Oklahoma and the surrounding area. At this moment, USA Today claims that at least 24 people were killed. CBS News‘ “KFOR meteorologist Mike Morgan called this ‘the worst tornado damage in the history of the world.’”
As I have been watching the destruction unfold on TV with my family (I am visiting California), I have been struck by the lack of tornado shelters in Moore, Oklahoma. The best shelter during a tornado is in a basement or underground facility. Yet according to an MSNBC reporter on All In With Chris Hayes, only around 1 in 10 homes have these facilities. Even more chilling, the City of Moore’s website says “The City of Moore has no community (or “public”) tornado shelters.” Why?
On All in With Chris Hayes, the reporter (whose name I cannot remember) it is prohibitively expensive for most people to build tornado shelters. Additionally, there’s a form of rock underneath most Moore residents’ homes that is very tough to build through.
Further, the City of Moore bluntly states that it cannot guarantee FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) will cover the cost of building tornado shelters in individuals’ homes. In response to the question “Should I wait to build a safe room in the hopes that the FEMA grant program will be re-instituted?”, the City of Moore replies in the following manner:
No. If you’re concerned that you need a safe room, it is recommended that you build one. There is no guarantee that even if the rules are changed that we will be chosen for a grant; and if we are chosen, there is no guarantee that there will be enough funding to accommodate all residents who wish to participate. Your peace-ofmind will more than offset the cost of a shelter.
But if the cost is too expensive for individuals, why aren’t there public shelters? The City of Moore gives several reasons: “people face less risk by taking shelter in a reasonably-well constructed residence!” It seems strange to give a fact that few can afford the enthusiasm of an exclamation point.
That aside, the City of Moore encourages residents to shelter in the closest home with a reasonable facility. This is because “the average tornado warning time is generally only 10-15 minutes,” so if a shelter is constructed underneath one’s home, it is faster to reach that destination than to drive to a nearby shelter. Although the city has “2,210 registered saferooms” from individuals (the population is 55,081), there is no public listing of these rooms.
Regarding the possibility of public buildings with tornado shelters, the city’s website simply states “There is no public building in Moore which has a suitable location for a shelter.” Again, why?
Again, money. In response to the question “Why don’t we build a community storm shelter?”, this is the City of Moore‘s response:
- How large of facility should we build? Our population is 55,081. To shelter that many people would require building something like an underground sports arena. (If we didn’t build for that many, then how do we determine who gets turned away when the facility was full?)
- What would you use this large facility for the other 364 days of the year? The facility wouldn’t be financially feasible without other uses; but the other uses would have to accommodate unscheduled storms.
- Security. If the other “intended uses” require equipment or supplies, how do those items remain secure when people arrive for sheltering? Security necessary to properly maintain order for 55,000 people exceeds are current capabilities.
- Staffing. Sheltering thousands of persons also takes a lot of support staff, from ensuring someone has the keys and opens the doors, to custodial staff, to concessions, to maintenance.
- What about multiple smaller facilities? You still have many of the same issues, just spread over more locations, therefore requiring as many or more resources.
This governmental response feels like the complete opposite of living in Israel. There are bomb shelters within blocks of every residence. 10-15 minutes feels like a luxury compared to the 15-90 seconds most Israelis get before a bomb drops. In Israel, you feel like the country is giving you peace of mind. Isn’t that the way it should be?
In the aftermath of this horrible tragedy, let us prioritize funding governmental programs like FEMA over partisan politics. It is always worth the cost to save a life.
NIce,Laura, BTW, I just heard a U of OK student say the the university ( in Norman, OK) has underground shelters in every building . love, Mom
Hi Mom, Yeah, it looks like Norman has two: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/10070441/Oklahoma-tornado-QandA.html Many other towns in Oklahoma don’t have any, including Tulsa and Oklahoma City.
Israel is a small, ethnically homogeneous country with a strong sense of collective obligation and mutual support. America is the opposite.
Israel is a small, ethnically homogeneous country with a strong sense of community identity, mutual obligation and public service. America is the opposite.
It’s worth factoring in that this is the American Midwest. Believe it or not, most people out there want as little governmental interference as possible. This extends to publicly funded storm shelters. It’s not anything related to national defense (as bomb shelters are) or other vital national institutions, so it should be left up to the individual to be prepared.
Just as during Hurricane Sandy, power were shut down in the poor minority neighborhoods for the sake of the wealthier white neighborhoods, the bomb shelters are not to be found in the Israeli Arab neighborhoods.
Finland and Switzerland also provide shelters to the population (or, rather enforce their construction with the buildling code and so on) with Civil Defence programs active and maintained since the 1950s and earlier (new shelters are being constructed to this day). Sweden and the other Nordic countries also form along with the aforementioned a “bloc” where the state’s obligation to provide security to its citizens was just as important in wartime (shelters, evacuation planning etc.) as in peacetime (public schooling, health services etc), a welfare state to put it shortly.
U.S. cities faced the prospect of being directly a target during the Cold War and community shelters was a no-no thanks to the dangerous concept of mixing different social classes and race. Dangerous, oh so dangerous… Family shelters on the other hand fit the bill better in USA, the homowners had to fund them themselves and didn’t put a strain on the federal nor state budget.
Good aggregation of information here – you were picked up by the BBC! I note that Oklahoma has about 1/20 the population density of Israel – much more expensive to build shelters close to everyone, however it is funded.
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Great story Laura! The question I keep asking and getting ugly responses on are “How many Public Tornado Shelters were once funded or “political talking points” in years past that were NEVER FUNDED, or the funds were appropriated, yet the shelters never built. The facts are extremely disturbing! Not just in Oklahoma either!
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Thanks so much for the feedback! I’ll keep that in mind for future posts.
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